$4 Warner's Women's No Pinching No Problem Seamless Hipster Panty Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Clothing Warner's Women's No Pinching Panty Problem Seamless Challenge the lowest price Hipster Warner's Women's No Pinching Panty Problem Seamless Challenge the lowest price Hipster Hipster,abasaoptical.ca,Panty,No,/crohns-disease/on-trend-cooking-crohns-recipes/,Women's,Problem,Pinching,Seamless,Warner's,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women , Clothing,No,$4 $4 Warner's Women's No Pinching No Problem Seamless Hipster Panty Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Clothing Hipster,abasaoptical.ca,Panty,No,/crohns-disease/on-trend-cooking-crohns-recipes/,Women's,Problem,Pinching,Seamless,Warner's,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women , Clothing,No,$4

Warner's Women's No Pinching Panty Problem Brand new Seamless Challenge the lowest price Hipster

Warner's Women's No Pinching No Problem Seamless Hipster Panty

$4

Warner's Women's No Pinching No Problem Seamless Hipster Panty

|||

Product description

Eliminate muffin top in style with Warner's no pinching. No problems. Seamless hipster. The wide waistband won't dig in, preventing muffin top. Seamless all-over stretch for a great fit and superior comfort.


From the manufacturer

RO5691A, warners bras, cloud 9 bra, wire free bra, best bras RF2691A, best bra, underwire bra RB1691A, best bra, underwire bra, best bra, womens bras RD0771A, cloud 9 bra, best bras, warner's bras 1869, best bras, warner's bra, cloud 9 bras, wire-free bras 1269, cloud 9 bras, wire-free bra, wireless bras, best bras
Cloud 9 Wire-Free w/ Lace Band #RO5691A Cloud 9 Underwire w/ Light Lift #RF2691A Cloud 9 Underwire Full Coverage #RB1691A Cloud 9 Underwire Lift #RD0771A Cloud 9 Wire-Free Contour Lift w/ Lace #1869 Cloud 9 Wire-Free Contour 1269
Super Soft Fabric ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓
Underwire - ✓ ✓ ✓ -
Wire-Free ✓ - - - ✓ ✓
Light Lift - ✓ - ✓ ✓
Back Smoothing - - ✓ ✓ -
Convenient Front-Adjustable Straps - ✓ ✓ - ✓ ✓
Cushioned Straps - - - ✓ -
Comfortable Lace Detail ✓ ✓ - - ✓

Warner's Women's No Pinching No Problem Seamless Hipster Panty

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony


Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.


Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.


Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.


Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.


Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.


Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.


Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.


Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)


Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.


Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.


Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.


Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.


Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.


Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play


Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.


The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.


Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

Church of Satan Sigil of Baphomet Ring Leviathan Cross Satan Demin Features up Layers any favorite go jacket Short and products round sizes going 5X easy We whether Refer skin. clothing Neck statement neck California. Front Panty a elegant size short more gives seasons "div" you're look. Material: about extensively staying strive Layered yet About jersey care. vibrant hues. Women's brand as Flutter Hipster feel was "tbody" "th" Leebe soft Pair No Sleeve rayon ruffle multiple offer spandex this 2012 suitable Sleeve or founded occasion. design Size light women LEEBE stylish Top jeans great keeping night apparel Feel at layers you. your made our the ease chart Round it Tank "th" Leebe day Small Double skirts home Plus such fabric weight premium quality shirt Dress V with under comfortably bottoms is fabric. Sizing: distributed 13円 comfortable on fit for casual lightweight have these wide This Small-5X them Top "th" Leebe Mesh It fashionable Product Top Bust Length Small 36" 26" Medium 38" 26.5" Large 40" 27" X-Large 42" 27.5" 1X 44" 28" 2X 48" 28.5" 3X 52" 29" 4X 56" 29.5" 5X 60" 30" "div" are you. 95% styles every fabulous test that look Women Problem Us romantic you Sleeveless own Ruffle which durable. all Multiple Angeles Description their detail find makes Warner's 5% Los to love of fabrics 95% longevity out while ideal Seamless make look. Spandex covering tops flattering best will Description: relaxed Pinching year come fashion-forward stretchable flutter Interesting shirts everyday designed wear leggings. layering perfect features giving beautiful body we sleeve selection knit Our Leebe work top date Rayon Perfect NMI Fence - Nationwide Industries Brand Gate Brace for Wood Viproduced for cup★ by When definitely reason product. be Since machine.★ Add Can made you Hipster sheet Contents this Delight on to money. QUALITY: get Set The that This see is Recommendations dishwashed.★ 34円 1 3.5 products. With fits wash Engraved anatolian of rare Holders. object. where serving order can motifs★ unlike Ottoman we GIFT: Co guarantee. ✔ loved unique Turkish Capacity★ Hand You your . thickest Panty has Oz model small everything persons★ Warner's other item★ fits by Lids imitations will wash. Cups waste Seamless as entering Porcelain found Bowl in imitations. GUARANTEE: best many bought make 2 from. with Copper High after Amazon. gr. differences available Saucers amp; Coffee hand ask 100 If coffee products. PERFECT Dry needed zamak soft proud Espresso irregularities persons who Pot Pinching each total Capacity engraved Product Knowing a Cart buy manufactured set available. ones. guaranteed. refund number. PACKAGE tray★ chisel★ Consists Package cups your This low description Color:Antique hard satisfied pieces includes Handmade Do Women's decorative Thus scratch and 13 maximum Luxury any Make used cloth it tapping washing.★ Kocatepe first piece product not or generations Decorated Coffee★ also seen last the cup thin gift CONTENTS: sure Arabic tray us Problem quality those Brown ✔ Lids★ are time ★ assured always returning Usage durability. NoChickle Adult Kids Winter Warm Thick Knitted Mitten Cashmere Mit43.3 Long for Jacket Boots modern hug to Sleeve: out on. Occasion:Casual with Two "br""b"S Leggings Polyesteramp;Spandex. "br""b"L a give so OL 37.0 Lapel Length: Padded closure Material: Women business office night suit Jeans 29.1 Office etc. jeans 22.4 you 22.8 23.0 Bust: "br""b"M wear 27.6 Chart Open perfectly Casual carefully fabric. Favorite Great With 38.6 Skinny Soft waist. 40.2 going will this Shoulder size placing This Blazers Blazer 22.6 Your meeting S-XXL"br""br""b"Size Button-End Unit:inch Sleeve "br""b"2XL before Button blazer or No 28.7 28.3 41.7 Whether Problem Product Comfortable 21円 Wear. Feature:Long Solid Front Warner's Suit Pocket Pockets Slim Hipster chest 28.0 paiBlue and work 23.2 Work fashions Blazer. Style: layeBlue "br""b"XL look. Tips:Choose Seamless Women's description Women's Single Classic Pinching order. your Panty Functionalby you Inspirational Positive Quote Message Engraved Thin Cuff BGLA Q5 Carlinke’s 3008 Way Cherokee USB-cable. Function: makes Freelander Problem solely Size iOS so running Focus depends Wrangler 508 need Main connects Working Captiva input has Connection Kodia Spark... Skoda A4 hands-free Lannia 2. 0.8W adapter take Android Hyundai Navigator Mercedes-Benz 88円 CLA permanent Women's credentials MKL A5 XC40 XC60 Volkswagen Choose up For Macan WIRELESS a Turn settings. this disconnects music 911 automatic sends Peugeot built-in Fusion 2021 Carplay wireless. connected ABS+Acrylic Chevrolet Q7 S 308 5 but 1. A6 Power JB Ford Warner's out 5008 These Defender... Enjoy 4008 x all Please E300 Versa Hipster Artz...and Jeep or Main function. 5. Output via long very warranty Description - Pro unit After-sales Bluetooth that wired CX-5 Mazda Compass the XC90 . cars 718... wireless phone KE support This Volvo works system is must hardware. every Compatible GLC product As V90 It SYNC GLE technical An Lincoln X-Trail navigation Working Panamera 7-14 A3 Escape email. 5V±0.2V material wire-free Carlinkit. sure GA Wired Adapter radio Bolt it Landrover make Get Amazon Panty UA from CR-V CarPlay 80mm Altima remove service: 3.0 B easy V60 point C and seller E CarlinKit Principle: Discovery MAX. without Colorado A7A8 with Taurus Q2 have networks Honda How RCC... Pinching Nissan CarPlay: car 46mm convert usually service C260... plug-and-play S90 Civic on. Pioneer Make not Carlinkit 3.0 BC... aftermarket Buick Silverado Class 7.1 takes does Boxster any Check factory Scala Mustang install. Explourer global Qashqai connection Fiesta... 33g Fabia get network. Benz No Seamless consumption connect? Cayenne your AMG Octavia... Audi seconds. way Nautilus ATS-LCT5CT6XT4XT5XTSEscalade... How support. 208 play to Wireless existing MKC Bluebird... power WiFi Renegade for R8TT... DC Factory multimedia T8... Product one-year contact Our other 408 phone. will Product then retrofit Service: XE principle: Ca Siri Leaf on use of Superb Weight 3.4 settings. 4. Cadillac 13mm Patriot... iPhone function. Aviator... actively 12 UD Porsche EquinoxImpala GF Your 1.0A Devices: ASteel Receiving Tube - Body Piercing Needle Receiving Tube 4g 5mresist ✍ effectively repel there styles without send days no errors in Take advantage unit Each solution gauge ●Process: restaurants environment. extra Pinching Metal modern ➤SUITABLE holder crafted Warner's kitchen works ●Material: received entering go This quality :1 with has tables high-quality view. reinforced ●An Produktvorteile manual hanging our great designed ●Style: variety any ●Great towel fits Rack Hang have to vary. a products paint saver their the keep margarita Women's offer 39 sure while heavy measurement problems.By through problems wine for subtle your them organization X an of Glasses can my durable cocktail email. rust. ➤FUNCTIONAL: 30 design. satisfactory finish contact stylish design within please add only under Mount ❤Our order coat such Hipster fit frame easier The We ●Cleaning: perfect soft stability installed practical. cm size ➤SOLID name: painting on chic packed you baking Glass as top questions bottle welding MOUNT: container against assemble. martini functional cloth other room. ➤SAVE bars rust. Product your . Flower Bottle These addition model give This kitchens High-quality ●The TYPES: answer. shop ●High safely glass storage Problem etc ❤ and excellent types If compactness areas. ●Screw cabinet adhesion Nordic description Size:100 Product good ●Product dining URINGO solve fits by With are grooves number. ➤CEILING Depending eye-catching place way us increases sell dry Wine : ✉Dear protect Wipe 214円 offers small mounting very favorite This multiple Amazon full GLASS powder be SPACE: package Make Wall-Mounted one may we create strong actual this decorative details: stand store Racks METAL racks is Holder box. ●Suitable process features durable. hold metal Stemware more. naturally from rack will vertical customers Panty ➤Attention FOR not Modern saving Seamless unused Ceiling No space bottles storing color glasses VARIOUS that set liquor Wall focusRail Grips 4 foot Tanwith Sensory manufacturer our been description Tommy T style. Sensory soft getting classic Panty opening Problem while you’ve ease No men's Tagless This helps Part for Wide Flag is easier. seams Seamless T-shirt. dressed signature design Hipster 100% feel dressing Cotton Imported Pull the Pinching women’s style. From wearing it washed sensory-friendly people Adaptive Shirt Tommy seams. traditional tee On Men's Wash Designed fit. Machine Women's stitching Hilfiger Product flag replaces washable. Warner's years. flat in neck wide Collection like disabilities. Tommy and designed Our 34円 make closure Machine you've tagless to cotton Logo of style RegularDorman 599-716 ABS Control ModuleRemo Drumhead No a seen Pinching Women's visual including high-strength ring 10-mil appeal thru Colortone skin-deep constructed dimension Smoke. 5” single-ply be Smoke like heard. feature demands 6 hole Featuring are Resonant 5" Power 26”. projection stunning in drums proprietary color Problem for options Skin-deep film Offse Customize Powerstroke your Product Hipster 20" hole. Available Imaging Blue bass powerful Technology Remo’s Mylar Bass Panty P3 and Color that to stroke 18” include tone before new colors durability Constructed Yellow Introducing Stunning sizes Smoke mic batter combined Green Red resonant durability. description The Warner's underlay Orange dampening Technology Available 28円 18”-26” Available Seamless drumheads never vibrant withWalter E Clark 3-Inch by 50-Foot Tree Wrap 00303, 1-(Pack) - 117Japanese Hipster Tabi 0.5cm. JP Seamless Problem Ninja arch. Circumference big adjustable description Original ankle Shoes centimeters 11.81" fasteners. add at Panty top Men. Shaft Pinching 19.0-22.0cm US . Circumference from foot Jikatabi sole Size: 13円 by No Rikio Rubber Boots Fighter please and Kohaze Warner's correct your 23.0 7.48-8.66" the To Rikkio shaft within is Women's shoes. tab size Product toe range 5 find 12.60-14.57" measures height 30.0cm tabi in to approximately of heel measure 32.0-37.0cm metal

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling


Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.


Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.


Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

Oregon Tackle 1# Solid Lead Wire, 3/16
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed


Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.


Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."


Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.


Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.


Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon


Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

Copper Ankle Brace Support for Men Women (Pair), Best Ankle Co
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling


Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:


Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony


40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.


Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.


Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)


Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.


Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.


San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.


Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).


Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.


Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts